Faculty of Medicine Masaryk University

 

Last update: 2. 10. 2006 13:31:37
Supervisor:
Lumír Trenčanský
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Document ID: 480
Visited: 12529
Created: 2. 10. 2006 13:31:37

Questions for final examination

Questions A

  1. Vertebra, differences of the vertebrae
  2. Sacral and coccygeal bones
  3. The sternum and costae
  4. The clavicula and scapula
  5. The humerus
  6. The radius and ulna
  7. The hand bones
  8. The coxal bones
  9. The femur, patella
  10. The tibia and fibula
  11. The foot bones
  12. The occipital bone
  13. The sphenoidal bone
  14. The pariental and frontal bone
  15. The temporal bone
  16. The channels in the temporal bone and their importance
  17. The ethmoidal bone
  18. The maxilla
  19. The mandibula
  20. Splanchnocranial bones excluding maxilla and mandibula
  21. Shape of the skull and craniometry
  22. The newborn skull
  23. Sex differences of the skull
  24. General osteology; structure of the bones
  25. Juncturae ossium excluding articulationes
  26. The joints - general building
  27. Classification of the joints
  28. The joints of the vertebral column, shape and movements of the spine
  29. The craniovertebral joints
  30. Shape and movements of the thorax (artt. thoracis, sternocostal and costovertebral)
  31. The temporomandibular joint
  32. The sterno- and acromioclavicular articulations
  33. The humeral articulation
  34. The cubital articulation, juncturae radioulnares
  35. Art. radioulnaris dist. et membrana interossea antebrachii, art. radiocarpea
  36. Art. mediocarpea et art. ossis pisiformis, sulcus et canalis carpi
  37. Art. carpometacarpeae, metacarpophalangeae, art. interphalangeae manus
  38. The joints of the pelvis (the sacroiliac joint, symphysis, the pelvic ligaments)
  39. The pelvis (major, minor, the sex differences, pelvimetry)
  40. The coxal articulation (art. coxae)
  41. The knee joint (art. genus), the tibiofibular joints
  42. The talocrural and tibiofibular articulations, syndesmosis tibiofibularis
  43. The joints of the foot (Art. tarsi transversa, artt. tarsometatarseae, metatarsophalangeae, artt. interphalangeae pedis
  44. Arches of the foot
  45. General description of muscle - structure, types, auxilliary structures
  46. Spinohumer a spinocostal muscles
  47. The intrinsic back muscles
  48. The suboccipital muscles and the dorsal fasciae
  49. The abdominal muscles
  50. The aponeuroses and fasciae of the abdomen, the vagina of the recrtus abdominis muscle
  51. The inguinal canal, the inguinal hernia
  52. Lig. inguinale, lacuna vasorum et musculorum, abdominal muscle fascia
  53. The thoracal muscles and their functions
  54. The diaphragma
  55. The prevertebral and scaleni muscles
  56. The suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscles
  57. The platysma, the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the cervical fasciae
  58. The masticatory muscles and their fasciae
  59. The muscles of facial expression
  60. The muscles and fasciae of the shoulder, the axillar fossa
  61. The muscles and fasciae of the arm
  62. The muscles of forearm: anterior group
  63. The muscles of forearm: lateral group
  64. The muscles of forearm: posterior group
  65. The antebrachial fascia, vaginae fibrosae flexorum, the external retinaculum
  66. The muscles of the hand and their fasciae
  67. The coxal muscles (the iliopsoas, glutei, obturatorii, gemelli, piriform mm., their fasciae
  68. The femoral muscles - anterior group
  69. The femoral muscles - posterior group
  70. The femoral muscles - medial group
  71. The fasciae femoris, the femoral triangle, the iliopectinea and poplitea fossa
  72. The anterior and lateral crural muscles
  73. The postrior crural muscles
  74. The crural fascia, the vaginae tendinum, the retinacula
  75. The muscles of the foot and their fasciae

Questions B

  1. The hard and soft palatum; isthmus faucium
  2. The teeth (dentes) - description, types, the gingivae
  3. The dentition, eruption
  4. The salivary glands
  5. The tongue (lingua), the lingual muscles
  6. The palatine tonsils, the isthmus faucium, the tonsillar (Waldeyer's) ring
  7. The pharynx and the pharyngeal muscles
  8. The oesophagus and stomach (ventriculus)
  9. The small intestine (intestinum tenue); jejunum, ileum
  10. The duodenum,
  11. The large intestine (colon)
  12. The caecum, appendix, and its positions
  13. The rectum
  14. The pancreas and spleen
  15. The liver (hepar)
  16. The gallbladder (vesica felea); the biliary ducts
  17. The peritoneum and its folds
  18. Recessus peritonei, location and clinical importance
  19. The external nose (nasus externus), the cartilagenes nasi
  20. The nasal cavity
  21. The paranasal sinuses
  22. The larynx, the skeleton of the larynx (cartilages and their joints)
  23. The laryngeal muscles and their involvement in the inspiration and expiration
  24. The interior of the larynx (cavum laryngis); laryngoscop. view
  25. The lungs (pulmo), segmentation
  26. The visceral and parietal pleura
  27. The inspiration and expiration
  28. The kidneys (ren)
  29. The renal calix, pelvis and ureter
  30. The urinary bladder (vesica urinaria) and female urethra
  31. The scrotum, the descent of the testis, the sheaths of testis and spermatic cord
  32. The testis and epididymis
  33. The funiculus spermaticus, ductus deferens, vesicula seminalis
  34. The prostate
  35. Male urethra, penis
  36. The external female genital organs
  37. The vagina
  38. The uterus
  39. The uterine tube (tuba uterina)
  40. The ovaries (ovaria)
  41. The urogenital diaphragm, the muscles of external sex organs
  42. The pelvic diaphragm, m. levator ani
  43. The cor - surface anatomy
  44. The atrium cordis dx. et sin.
  45. The ventriculus cordis dx. et sin.
  46. The myocardium and conductive system of the heart
  47. The endocardium and heart skeleton
  48. The arteries and veins of the heart
  49. The aorta and aa. and vv. pulmonales
  50. A. carotis communis, a. carotis ext.
  51. A. subclavia
  52. A. axillaris et. a. brachialis
  53. The antebrachial and hand arteries
  54. Aorta thoracica
  55. The aorta abdominalis-branches
  56. The truncus coeliacus
  57. A. mesenterica sup. and inf.
  58. A. iliaca communis, a. iliaca int.
  59. a. iliaca ext., a. femoralis
  60. A. poplitea, a. tibialis ant.
  61. A. tibialis post.
  62. The vena cava superior, the vena jugularis interna
  63. Sinus and veins of durae matris
  64. The vena cava inf. and its tributaries
  65. The vena subclavia and its drains
  66. The veins of the lower extremities
  67. The vena portae, the portal circuit and its function
  68. The portocaval anastomoses
  69. The structure of the lymphatic system, the ductus thoracicus, truncus lymphaticus dex.
  70. The lymphatic vessels and nodes of the head and neck
  71. The lymphatic vessels and nodes of the upper extremity
  72. The lymphatic vessels and nodes of the thorax
  73. The lymphatic vessels and nodes of the lower extremity
  74. The lymphatic vessels and nodes of the abdomen and pelvis
  75. Gl. thyreoidea, parathyreoidea, thymus
  76. Gl. suprarenales, paraganglia

Questions C

  1. Composition of the peripheral nervous system, The spinal nerves
  2. Rr. dorsales nn. spinalium, nn. intercostales
  3. The cervical plexus
  4. The brachial plexus (pars supraclavicularis)
  5. The brachial plexus (pars infraclavicularis), n. musculocutaneous, n. cutaneus brachii et antebrachii med.
  6. The median nerve
  7. The ulnar nerve
  8. The radial and axillary nerves
  9. The lumbar plexus
  10. The sacral plexus
  11. The IIIrd, IVth, and VIth cranial nerves
  12. The ophthalmic nerve
  13. The maxillary nerve
  14. The mandibular nerve
  15. The facial nerve
  16. The glossopharyngeal nerve
  17. The vagus nerve
  18. The accessory and hypoglossal nerves
  19. Construction of the autonomic (vegetative) nervous system
  20. The cervical portion of the sympathetic system
  21. The thoracic portion of the sympathetic system (innervation of the heart)
  22. The abdominal and pelvic portions of the sympathetic system
  23. Pars mesencephalica partis parasympathicae (the ciliary ganglion)
  24. Pars bulbaris partis parasympathicae (the pterygopalatine and submandibular ganglions)
  25. Pars bulbaris partis parasympathicae (the otic ganglion)
  26. Pars sacralis partis parasympathicae
  27. Development and partitions of the central nervous system
  28. The spinal cord (surface anatomy and structures)
  29. The medulla oblongata (surface anatomy and structures)
  30. The pons (surface anatomy and structures)
  31. The 4th ventricle-description of the rhomboid fossa
  32. A survey of distribution of the cranial nerve nuclei
  33. The cerebellum (surface anatomy and structures)
  34. The midbrain (surface anatomy and structures)
  35. The diencephalon (surface anatomy and its partition)
  36. The thalamus, its nuclei and their functional division
  37. The hypothalamus and its nuclei
  38. Neurohumoral function of the diencephalon and corresponding structures
  39. The reticular formation, the limbic forebrain
  40. Division of the telencephalon, surface anatomy of the hemispheres
  41. The cerebral cortex and its organization
  42. The basal ganglia
  43. The white matter of the telencephalon, classification of the fibres
  44. The internal capsule of the cerebrum
  45. The ventricles of the central nervous system and the cerebrospinal fluid
  46. The blood supply of the central nervous system
  47. The dura mater and its derivatives
  48. The leptomeninges (the arachnoid and pia mater)
  49. The organs of smell and taste (organum olfactus et gustus)
  50. General anatomy of the skin
  51. Epidermis and its derivatives
  52. The skin glands, mammary gland
  53. The fibrous tunic of the eye
  54. The vascular tunic of the eye
  55. The internal tunic of the eye
  56. The refracting media of the eye
  57. The extraocular muscles and their fascia
  58. The eyelids, conjunctiva, and lacrimal apparatus
  59. The external ear and tympanic membrane
  60. The tympanic cavity
  61. The auditory ossicles, their junctions, and the muscles of the tympanic cavity
  62. The auditory tube, the mastoid antrum and cells
  63. The osseous labyrinth of the internal ear
  64. The membranous labyrinth of the internal ear, the VIIIth cranial nerve

Questions D

  1. The calvaria and its covering
  2. Reg. temporalis
  3. The basis cranii interna
  4. The basis cranii externa
  5. Reg. infratemporalis
  6. Fossa pterygopalatina
  7. Reg. orbitalis and orbital cavity
  8. Reg. nasalis et the nasal cavity (cavum nasi osseum)
  9. Reg. oralis et vestibulum oris
  10. Reg. palatina
  11. Bottom of the mouse cavity
  12. Reg. parotideomasseterica
  13. The regions of the neck
  14. Reg. submandibularis et submentalis
  15. Trig. caroticum
  16. Reg. hyoidea et infrahyoidea (tracheotomia)
  17. Reg. colli lateralis
  18. Trig. scalenovertebrale
  19. The regions of the thorax, lines for orientation
  20. The thoracic wall (reg. mammalis)
  21. Outline of the pleura and lungs
  22. Outline of the pericardial sac and the heart, Auscultation of the valves
  23. Mediastinum superius
  24. Mediastinum anterius et medium
  25. Mediastinum posterius
  26. The regions of the abdomen, lines for orientation
  27. The abdominal wall, reduced areas
  28. Reg. umbilicalis
  29. Reg. inguinalis
  30. Trig. Petiti et Grynfelti
  31. Supramesocolic part of abdominal cavity (+ projection of the organs)
  32. Inframesocolic part of abdominal cavity (+ projection of the organs)
  33. Spatium retroperitoneale
  34. Superficial and deep boundaries of the pelvic region, reg. analis
  35. Fossa ischiorectalis
  36. Reg. urogenitalis
  37. Cavum pelvis peritoneale
  38. Cavum pelvis infraperitoneale (subperitoneale)
  39. Reg. Infraclavicularis, reg. deltoidea
  40. Reg. axillaris
  41. Reg. brachii
  42. Reg. cubiti
  43. Reg. antebrachii
  44. Reg. carpi palmaris, palma manus
  45. Reg. carpi dorsalis, dorsum manus
  46. Digitus manus
  47. Reg. glutaea
  48. Trigonum femorale
  49. Reg. femoris
  50. Reg. genus
  51. Reg. cruris
  52. Reg. malleolaris et retromalleolaris med. et lat.
  53. Dorsum pedis
  54. Planta pedis
 

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