Faculty of Medicine Masaryk University


Last update: 12. 6. 2009 14:49:07
Tomáš Navrátil
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Document ID: 154
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Created: 13. 6. 2005 11:39:54

Ph.D. programmes at the Faculty of Medicine - MEDICAL BIOPHYSICS

Required courses:
Foreign languages – working knowledge of English
Clinical data analysis
Scientific information acquisition

Medical biophysics
Professor Vojtěch Mornstein, Ph.D. (vmornst@med.muni.cz): course, consultation, examination. Problems of general biophysics: Basic concepts and laws of thermodynamics - Entropy and ordering - Basic thermodynamics of living systems - Diffusion - Osmotic pressure - Surface phenomena - Phase transitions - Resting membrane potential - Nernst equation, Donnan's equilibrium, Goldman-Hodgkin-Katz equation - Physical properties of cytoplasm - Passive and active transport across membranes - Biophysics of the musculoskeletal system - Biomechanics of blood circulation - Biophysics of breathing and human voice - Active electric and magnetic tissue manifestations - Biophysics of sound perception - Optical system of the eye and its aberrations - Retina as a biological light detector - An overview of action of physical factors on living systems.
Problems of medical technology and its biophysical interactions: Biosignals - Biosignal processing - Detection and measurement of mechanical quantities (pressure, work and power, mechanical properties of liquids) - Detection of low-frequency vibrations and sounds - Measurement of temperature (contact methods based on volume expansivity, electric methods, contactless methods) - Electrodiagnostic methods (electrodes, signal processing, EKG, EEG, EMG, passive electrodiagnostic methods) - Bone densitometry - Monitoring and telemetry - Imaging diagnostic methods (algorithm of the diagnostic process, image quality assessment, contact and contactless thermography, principle of ultrasound imaging, Doppler effect and its application in diagnostics, duplex and triplex methods, endoscopes, x-ray imaging, image intensifier, computed tomography, radionuclide imaging including SPECT and PET, magnetic resonance imaging) - Ultrasound therapy - Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy - Electrotherapy - Magnetotherapy - Phototherapy - Laser in medicine - Physical principles of radiotherapy- Unconventional surgery tools - Devices for substitution of organ functions (artificial heart, kidneys, etc.).

Required – elective courses (at least 2):
Common courses organised by the faculty

Elective courses:
Imaging methods for non-physicians
(Professor V. Válek) – Radiography, fluoroscopy, CT, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography, angiography, interventional radiography, densitometry, Orthopantomography, mammography - principles of the methods, standards, protection against radiation, doses, dose calculations, examination protocols, standard projections, protecting aids, contrast agents.

Optometry and orthoptics (Assoc. Prof. S. Synek) - Characteristics, refraction handicaps in population, examination methods, objective and subjective refractometry, biometric eye examination, correction of ametropia, optical correction aids, refraction surgery, postoperative monitoring of visual functions, news in contactology, binocular vision, basic diagnostic methods in latent and manifest strabismus, differential diagnostics and treatment. Modern trends in diagnostics and treatment of ametropias and disorders of binocular vision.

Rehabilitation (Professor J. Sieglová) – The course gives a self-contained information about the possibilities in providing all forms of rehabilitation care in the Czech Republic and its organisation. The students will be acquainted with making integrated individual treatment plans leading to a maximum re-socialisation of the patient and her/his return to previous activities.

Fundamentals of nuclear medicine (Assoc. Prof. J. Prášek) – Use of open sources of radiation in medicine, diagnostics and therapy by means of radionuclides. Basic types of radionuclide examinations. Examination of individual organs – brain, thyroid, lungs, nuclear cardiology, nuclear gastroenterology, haematological diagnostics, diagnostics of urinary system, cancer diagnostics, diagnostics of inflammations, radionuclide diagnostics in paediatrics, SPECT, positron emission tomography - PET. Data processing in nuclear medicine. Image fusion – PET/CT, SPECT/CT.

Devices in laboratory medicine (Assoc. Prof. M. Dastych) - Optical methods, electrochemical methods, devices for homogeneous and non-homogeneous immunoanalysis, separation methods, microscopy, flow cytometry, devices for preparation of analytic samples, devices for radioimmunoassay, automata and robots in pre-analytic, analytic and post-analytic processes.

Recommended activities and courses:

  • Days of Medical Biophysics - conference with international participation (organised every year at the end of May)

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