Category Archives: Cities
A town known as Austerlitz abroad. It is an important place of European history,because The Battle of Three Emperors took place there on December 2nd 1805. TheNapoleon army defeated the Austrians and the Russians.You can visit: Peace memorial at the Zuran hill where Napoleon had his main tent. ABaroque castle with an imposant garden in a French and an English style in the centre ofthe town. Nowadays, there is a historical museum which offers a multimediapresentation of the battle.
The castle is the biggest attraction for visitors. It is a neo-gothic monument built inthe Tudor gothic style, following the model of the English Royal Windsor castle.Moreover, there are more attractions: Ohrada zoo, a luxury golf course, theprincely court and Alš`s South Bohemian gallery where you can see a collection ofsculptures and paintings by Dutch painters from the 17th and 18th centuries.
The city is important thanks to the church at the Green hill „Zelená hora“. Thepilgrimage church dedicated to St.John of Nepomuk was bulit during the years1719-1722. It is a masterpiece of the architect Santini and the most original example ofthe so-called „baroque gothic“. It is built in a five-pointed star and is surrounded by acemetery and chapels. Around this circuit turn five chapels each with triangular floorplans and a layout with five chapels in an oval shape. The second attraction is theMuseum of Books which is the only one in central Europe.
The city is situated in the middle of central Moravia. For its unique atmosphere, it isa popular center of international conferences and festivals. Olomouc is, next to Brno,the second historical and political center of Moravia. Nowadays the Palacky universityis situated in Olomouc and also the archdiocese. The city is the spiritual andeducational centre. An important monument is the Column of The Holy Trinity. Thispillar, erected in the 18th century, reaches a height of 35 meters. This unique piece ofarchitecture is characterized as „Olomouc baroque“. The column is decorated withmany statues and sculptures and is the largest in central Europe.
Princes of Liechtenstein transformed their estate between the 17th and 20th century ina big park. This area is among the most modified landscapes in Europe. Adjustmentswere based on the principles of the English parks. Here you can find the baroquearchitecture, the neo-gothic architecture or castles and small buildings built in theromantic style. These are Glasshouse, Minaret, New court, Temple of three graces,Obelisk etc.
The square of Telc is flanked by a set of gothic and renaissance burgher houses witharcades. Houses have renaissance, baroque and classical shields. The square directsto the original gothic and renaissance castle from the 15th century with a nice renaissancegarden and an English park. Other important monuments include: the area of theformer Jesuit college of the holy name of Jesus, a late gothic Church of St.Ghost,a spirit parish Church of St.James from the 14th century, the Marian column and twobaroque fountains in the square.
The city lies on the banks of Vltava around the originally gothic castle complex. It`sarchitectural heritage has remained intact for more than five centuries. There is thesecond most extensive castle grounds after Prague castle in the republic. The monumentalreservation includes over 300 Gothic and Renaissance buildings. Český Krumlov is animportant centre of culture, because there are six museums, a well-known City theatreand in the summer the actors act out in the garden of the castle in a revolvingauditorium.
An urban conservation area, which played an important role in silver mining in 13th century.The whole city is surrounded by forests. The heart of the town is a scenic square withromantic restaurants. The most visited monument is St.Barbora’s cathedral, which issituated near the centre of the city. Apart from this cathedral you can find otherhistorical monuments, which are worth seeing, such as the Czech museum of silverand medieval mine, Stone house or Stone fountain. We recommend you to visit thefamous ossuary. It is a remarkable expirience for medical student.
The capital of the Czech Republic is Prague. This city is the centre of state institutions,courts, various organizations and companies, political parties, religious associations,universities etc. Prague castle is dominant, which is the traditional residence of Czech monarchs and since 1918 it has been a residence of the Czech president. In the third yard, there is St.Vitus cathedral. It is the main and also the biggest cathedral inPrague. It is actually devoted to three saints of Czech history. These are St.Vit,St.Vojtech and St.Vaclav-a patron and protector of Czech lands. In the area of Prague castle, there are a lot of various churches. For instance, St.George’sbasilica, St.Cross` chapel and St.George’s monastery. Apart from these, there arepleasant grounds around the whole complex, e.g. The golden street, which is full of verysmall houses, where goldsmiths used to live. Nowadays there are galeries, museumsand stalls with souvenirs.The Golden street ends with the tower Daliborka. It is a turret from the 15th centurywith a dungeon.
Vltava is the longest river of the country and flows through Prague. There aremany bridges across the river in Prague and the most interesting and important ofthem is Charles bridge. It is located at the place of the original Judita’s bridge whichwas destroyed by a flood. Charles bridge is from the 14th century when Karel IV wasthe king of the Czech lands. At the bridge, there are many statues of Czech saints.Well-known are St.Jan of Nepomuk or St.Cyril and St.Methodius.
Prague is full of squares. The most interesting of them are Vaclavské náměstí(Wenceslas square) and Staroměstské náměstí (Old Town Square). At the top ofVáclavské náměstí is the National museum and the statue of St.Václav. The major attractionof Staroměstské náměstí is the Old Town Hall with astronomical clock – Staroměstský Orloj. Other monuments which can be found in the centre include: The National theatre,Vysehrad Castle, The Jewish Quarter and Petrin Hill.The whole historical centre of the city is included in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites.Historical monuments are not the only wealth of Prague. There are a lot of modernbuildings. For instance, the Dancing house at the quay of Vltava. Prague is a city, butthere are areas where nature is untouched. For example, Petrin gardens are ideal for walksand for view of the city, because there is the Petrin tower. The template for this buildingwas The Eiffel Tower in Paris (It is a miniature version of it).