Common course for all Ph.D. students:


Lecturer: Dr. Adam Svobodnik, Ph.D.
Lesson: credit

The only prerequisite is basic knowledge of working with PC. The course is available for both students and members of the academic community of the Biology Section at the Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, and Ph.D. students and employees of the Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University. Full-time students of the Faculty of Medicine are accepted if the capacity is not exceeded. Ph.D. students are preferred if the capacity is exceeded.
Entry Limitations
This course is opened for students of any branch.
The course is considered as intensive, practically oriented for Ph.D. students, physicians, and specialists of other branches. The topics will cover general principles of the user's approach to computer resources and current information technologies with the accent on different implementations of computer networks. The aim of the course is to introduce basic principles of information technologies of current computers, in particular on the basis of Internet principles. Attendants should acquire knowledge of how to utilise the resources of currently available computer systems, networks, and Internet access. After completing the course, they should understand today's trends of Internet usage and should be able to orient in this environment. Attendants will also acquire the knowledge of using MS Office - from this point of view this exceeds the scope of ordinary training.

  1. The user. User's approach to computer, their profile, session, their data. Operating system. Types of operating systems, secure and non-secure approach. Computer as a mathematical machine. Computer architecture. Computer evolution, Van Neumann scheme, history, computer types. Personal computer architecture, hardware structure, and basic knowledge of usage.

  2. The network. Information delivery. User needs: data delivery, remote login, working on remote node, e-mail, sharing of peripherals. Connecting computers. Low-speed peripherals (RS-232C). Network peripherals. Computer networks, principles of connections on hardware level.

  3. Networks, the Internet. Types of networks, networks of networks. IP-type network. The Internet. History and principles of IP. Network levels.

  4. Client-server architecture. Servers as computers on the network and network nodes. Clients as individual computers.

  5. Network services. File transfers, FTP. Sharing of peripherals. Electronic mail, SMTP, POP3, and IMAP servers. Other network services, remote login, telnet, rlogin, talk, write.

  6. Information servers - WWW pages, Gopher, News. WWW - URL, HTML, reader, author.

  7. Network Information Systems, database processing.

  8. User's network desktop, X principle.

  9. Computer user becomes network user.

  10. Authentication in networks. Login, password, encryption.

  11. Network operation systems. The future.