Pathogenic SORL1 variants in Alzheimer’s disease (SORLA - FIX)

Project Identification
8F20009
Project Period
7/2020 - 12/2023
Investor / Pogramme / Project type
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the CR
MU Faculty or unit
Faculty of Medicine
Cooperating Organization
Aarhus Universitet
University Medical Centers
The Max Planck Institute of Biophysics

The SORLA protein is a neuronal sorting receptor encoded by the SORL1 gene. Functional SORLA keeps the levels of Amyloid-β in the brain in a healthy balance regulating APP processing into Amyloid-β, and by binding excess Amyloid-β to target it for lysosomal degradation. In the past two-three years it has become clear that heterozygous, damaging variants in the SORL1 gene are associated with and possibly causative for AD. Furthermore, the load of pathogenic and risk-increasing SORL1 variants in AD patients is large, which suggests that it is imperative to invest in the identification of those at risk to become affected with SORL1-associated AD, and the selective treatment of affected individuals. In this proposal we have created a collaboration of international investigators who are highly capable of answering the open questions regarding SORL1 variant pathogenicity and protein functions. Within this synergy of expertise, we will generate a working-pipeline to assess SORL1 variant pathogenicity, allowing the accurate diagnosis of patients with SORL1-associated AD and we will invest in the identification of selective SORL1-boosting or SORL1-fixing treatments applicable to individuals affected by compromised SORLA function.

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