Uncommon type of tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy – Case report and current view



Year of publication 2014
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Cor et Vasa
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Web http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010865013001240
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crvasa.2013.09.004
Field Cardiovascular diseases incl. cardiosurgery
Keywords Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy; Myocardial stunning; Coronary angiography; Late gadolinium enhancement
Description Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy is a heart disease that imitates acute myocardial infarction. Classical findings include apical and mid segment hypokinesia. However, it may have different appearance than was originally described. In our case report we describe a case of woman with tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC), who was admitted to hospital after a stressful event because of chest pain, with normal coronary angiogram and with mild elevation of Troponin-I level. Electrocardiogram corresponded with non-Q myocardial infarction of inferior wall. Following left ventriculography, echocardiography and magnetic resonance, impaired contractility of the basal part of inferior wall was noticed, together with good global ejection fraction. Full recovery was attained in five weeks after the onset. This impairment of left ventricle is not typical for TTC. In our patient, the basal part of left ventricle was affected, and not the apex as it is usually seen in TTC. This finding corresponds to rare “inverted” form of TTC. Another atypical feature is segmental involvement that, moreover, covered the inferior wall. This morphological pattern, according to our best knowledge, has not yet been described in literature. Pathophysiology, epidemiology and clinical significance are shortly reviewed in the paper.

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