Komplexní léčba adenomů hypofýzy

Title in English Comprehensive treatment of pituitary adenomas


Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Onkologie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Neurology, neurosurgery, neurosciences
Keywords pituitary adenoma; treatment of pituitary adenoma; pituitary surgery
Description Pituitary tumours constitute 10-15% of all intracranial tumours. Adenomas are the most common and account for 80% of tumours of the sella turcica. Their incidence is 1.5-2/100,000 / year and prevalence 20/100 000. The vast majority of adenomas have a benign course. Comprehensive treatment of pituitary adenomas requires cooperation among a neurosurgeon, an endocrinologist, a radiosurgeon, a radiologist and an ophthalmologist. The main treatment modality with the exception of prolactinomas is surgery. Using of new neurosurgical techniques have permitted to increase the extent of surgery without increasing the risk to the patient. The goal of treatment is such an influence on the tumour that does not preclude the patient to live a normal life without the need for hormone replacement and without affecting vision.

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