Role imunoterapie v dětské onkologii

Title in English Role of Immunotherapy in Pediatric Oncology


Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Klinická onkologie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Oncology and hematology
Keywords pediatric cancer; immunotherapy; monoclonal antibodies; vaccines; cell therapy; cytokines
Description Background: Currently, most children with cancer can be cured with standard therapy (surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy). The only limiting factor is its severe acute toxicity and late adverse events. In pediatric oncology, immunotherapy has been delayed but the initial clinical trials of immunotherapy show a good tolerance and promising results, especially in the setting of refractory or recurrent high-risk tumors. In this article, we will discuss a current situation in pediatric oncology, what immunotherapies are being tested in the clinical practice, from monoclonal antibodies, checkpoint inhibitors to tumor vaccines, T-lymphocytes with chimeric antigen receptors, cytokines and innate immunity. Conclusion: Immunotherapy is a promising treatment modality for children and adolescents with recurrent high-risk cancer with potential to improve both survival and quality of life. The challenge of developing immunotherapies in pediatric oncology remains - age barriers for using new drugs and a limited number of pediat¬ric clinical studies.

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