Chronic postsurgical pain in mixed surgical population. Does an acute pain service make a difference?



Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Bratislava Medical Journal - Bratislavské lekárske listy
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Other medical specializations
Keywords chronic postsurgical pain; acute pain service; questionnaire
Description OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of an Acute Pain Service (APS) on the incidence of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). To assess the acute pain intensity as a risk factor for CPSP. The impact of an APS on the incidence of CPSP has not yet been studied. METHODS: Retrospective questionnaire given to randomized cohorts study, performed in two hospitals-Hospital A with an APS and Hospital B without such service. 1444 patients underwent eight different surgical procedures in both hospitals within one year, 175 patients from each hospital were randomized. RESULTS: 208 questionnaires were analysed. There was a significant difference in acute pain intensity in the first 24 hours after surgery. The difference of CPSP incidence between hospitals was not significant (Hospital A nine patients (8.6 %), Hospital B sixteen patients (15.5 %). The patients with CPSP experienced significantly more intensive pain in the first 24 hours and at discharge than patients without CPSP regardless of the hospital. CONCLUSION: The study did not demonstrate the incidence of CPSP was lower in the hospital with an APS despite the lower postoperative pain scores. However there was a noticeable trend toward higher incidence of CPSP in the hospital without an APS. The study demonstrated that APS decreases intensity of an acute postoperative pain and acute pain intensity is a risk factor for CPSP incidence (Tab. 5, Ref. 27). Text in PDF

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