Long-term relationship between unattended automated blood pressure and auscultatory BP measurements in hypertensive patients



Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source BLOOD PRESSURE
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Web http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08037051.2018.1540260
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08037051.2018.1540260
Keywords Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring; attended office blood pressure; BPTru device; blood pressure measurement; unattended automated blood pressure
Description Aims: Unattended automated office blood pressure (uAutoOBP) has attracted more attention since SPRINT trial had been published. However, its long-term relationship to attended office blood pressure (AuscOBP) is not known. Material and methods: Stable treated hypertensive subjects were examined in four Czech academic hypertension centers. All subjects attended four clinical visits three months apart. uAutoOBP was measured with the BP Tru device; AuscOBP was measured three times with auscultatory method by the physician. 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) was performed within one week from the second clinical visit. Results: Data on 112 subjects aged 65.6 +/- 10.8 years with mean AuscOBP 128.2 +/- 12.2/78.5 +/- 10.3 mm Hg are reported. Across the four clinical visits, the uAutoOBP was by 10.1/3.7 mm Hg lower than AuscOBP and the mean difference was similar during all four visits (P >=.061). Both uAutoOBP and AuscOBP had similar intra-individual variability during study follow-up as demonstrated by similar intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC, for systolic ICC = 0.50, for diastolic ICC = 0.72). However, the intra-individual variability of the systolic AuscOBP and uAutoOBP difference was high as demonstrated by low ICCs for absolute (ICC = 0.17 [95%CI, 0.09 - 0.25]) and low kappa coefficients for categorized differences (kappa <= 0.16). The main determinant of AuscOBP-uAutoOBP difference was AuscOBP level. The AuscOBP-uAutoOBP difference was poor tool to identify hypertension control categories defined on the basis of AuscOBP and ABPM. Conclusions: Although mean AuscOBP-uAutoOBP differences were relatively similar across the four clinical visits, intra-individual variability of this difference was high. The AuscOBP-uAutoOBP difference was poor tool to identify hypertension control categories defined on the basis of AuscOBP and ABPM. Therefore, uAutoOBP cannot be used as a replacement for ABPM.

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