Klinické syndromy z oblasti cervikálního plexu

Title in English Cervical plexus lesions in clinical practice


Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Ceska a slovenska neurologie a neurochirurgie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Web http://dx.doi.org/10.14735/amcsnn2019616
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.14735/amcsnn2019616
Keywords cervical plexus; occipital neuralgia; great auricular neuralgia; red ear syndrome; phrenic nerve palsy
Description Cervical plexus lesions are relatively rare and may be overlooked by clinical neurologists. Several new clinical syndromes centered upon this region have been published in recent years. Herein we present an overview of possible etiologies of cervical plexus lesions, their dia­g­nosis and treatment. Relatively the most common condition is occipital neuralgia, which is largely considered idiopathic. We report considerable auricular neuralgia and red ear syndrome, and neuralgias of Jacobson’s and Arnold’s nerves (branches of the glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves). We deal also with phrenic nerve lesion, which is usually unilateral and asymptomatic. Nevertheless, bilateral diaphragmatic palsy may result in disabling dyspnea requiring mechanical ventilation. The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study. The Editorial Board declares that the manu­script met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.
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