Chromosome and Genome Diversity in the Genus Trifolium (Fabaceae)

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Authors

LUKJANOVÁ Eliška ŘEPKOVÁ Jana

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Plants
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web https://www.mdpi.com/2223-7747/10/11/2518
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/plants10112518
Keywords clover; interspecific hybridization; genome size; polyploidy; synteny; chromosomal markers; cytogenetics
Description Trifolium L. is an economically important genus that is characterized by variable karyotypes relating to its ploidy level and basic chromosome numbers. The advent of genomic resources combined with molecular cytogenetics provides an opportunity to develop our understanding of plant genomes in general. Here, we summarize the current state of knowledge on Trifolium genomes and chromosomes and review methodologies using molecular markers that have contributed to Trifolium research. We discuss possible future applications of cytogenetic methods in research on the Trifolium genome and chromosomes.
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