Syndrom úplné androgenní insenzitivity - raritní kazuistika malignizace dysgenetických gonád

Title in English Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome - rare case of malignancy of dysgenetic gonads
Authors

GAMCOVÁ V. EIM J. MEIXNEROVÁ Ivana HUDEČEK Robert

Year of publication 2022
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source CESKA GYNEKOLOGIE-CZECH GYNAECOLOGY
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.48095/cccg20221
Keywords androgen insensitivity syndrom; testicular feminization syndrome; androgen receptor; primary amenorrhea; Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor
Description Objective: A case report of a young patient with primary amenorrhea who was diagnosed with agenesis of the uterus and was genetically confirmed for complete androgen insensitivity syndrome with already developed malignancy of dysgenetic gonads. Case report: The 17-year-old patient visited a gynecological clinic for primary amenorrhea. Both ultrasound and vaginal examination revealed suspicion of uterine agenesis, which was subsequently verified during diagnostic laparoscopy. Genetic testing showed karyotype 46,XY, and a rare diagnosis – complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. A secondary finding from a left gonadal biopsy was a Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor. The patient underwent bilateral gonadectomy and was given estrogen replacement therapy. She is now regularly examined by a pediatric oncologist. Conclusion: Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome is a rare genetic disease characterized by varying degrees of feminization in individuals with a male karyotype. It should not be neglected, especially in the differential diagnostic work-up of primary amenorrhea. Genetic testing of the karyotype should be performed whenever uterine agenesis is suspected.

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