Upozornění na nebezpečí invazivních infekcí u splenektomovaných pacientů. Zkušenosti z FN Brno 2011.

Title in English Warning about risk of invasive infections in splenectomized patients. Experiences from University Hospital Brno, Czech Republic, in 2011
Authors

POLÁK Pavel FREIBERGEROVÁ Michaela HUSA Petr ŠLESINGER Pavel SVOBODA Radek STAŠEK Jan FROLA Lukáš MACHÁČEK Ctirad

Year of publication 2012
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Vnitřní lékařství
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Field Epidemiology, infectious diseases and clinical immunology
Keywords splenectomy; OPSI syndrome; vaccination; pneumococcus
Description Syndrome of fulminant sepsis in splenectomized (overwhelming postsplenectomy infection, OPSI) is feared and often fatal infectious complication in patients after splenectomy. The risk of OPSI syndrome in these persons persists lifelong and doesn’t diminish during the time. Etiologically, encapsulated bacterias like Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae group b and Neisseria meningitidis are involved. As the mortality of OPSI syndrome is very high, it is indispensable to educate and vaccinate persons in risk. The authors present case reports of three splenectomized patients who were hospitalized for invasive pneumococcal infection in the University Hospital Brno, Czech Republic, in 2011.