Psychosis effect on hippocampal reduction in schizophrenia

Název česky Efekt psychózy na redukci objemu hippokampů u schizofrenie
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HÝŽA Martin HÜTTLOVÁ Jitka KEŘKOVSKÝ Miloš KAŠPÁREK Tomáš

Rok publikování 2014
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Citace
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2013.10.008
Obor Psychiatrie, sexuologie
Klíčová slova hippocampus; morphometry; psychosis; schizophrenia; toxicity
Popis Introduction: In schizophrenia, disruption of the neurodevelopmental processes may lead to brain changes and subsequent clinical manifestations of the illness. Reports of the progressive nature of these morphological brain changes raise questions about their causes. The possible toxic effects of repeated stressful psychotic episodes may contribute to the disease progression. Objectives: To analyze the influence of illness duration and previous psychotic episodes on hippocampal gray matter volume (GMV) in schizophrenia. Methods: We performed an analysis of hippocampal GMV correlations with illness duration, number of previous psychotic episodes, and age in 24 schizophrenia patients and 24 matched healthy controls. Results: We found a cluster of GMV voxels in the left hippocampal tail that negatively correlated with the number of previous psychotic episodes, independent from the effect of age. On the other hand we found no effect of illness duration independent of age on the hippocampal GMV. Finally, we found a cluster of significant group-by-age interaction in the left hippocampal head. Conclusions: We found an additive adverse effect of psychotic episodes on hippocampal morphology in schizophrenia. Our findings support toxicity of psychosis concept, together with etiological heterogeneity of brain changes in schizophrenia.

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