Ultrafast excited-state dynamics of isocytosine

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Publikace nespadá pod Lékařskou fakultu, ale pod Středoevropský technologický institut. Oficiální stránka publikace je na webu muni.cz.

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SZABLA Rafal Kazimierz GORA Robert W. ŠPONER Jiří

Rok publikování 2016
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Středoevropský technologický institut

Citace
www http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlepdf/2016/cp/c6cp01391k
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c6cp01391k
Obor Fyzikální chemie a teoretická chemie
Klíčová slova PERTURBATION-THEORY; RELAXATION MECHANISMS; PREBIOTIC CHEMISTRY; MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS; COUPLED-CLUSTER; PROTON-TRANSFER; AB-INITIO; WATER; RNA; EFFICIENT
Popis The alternative nucleobase isocytosine has long been considered as a plausible component of hypothetical primordial informational polymers. To examine this hypothesis we investigated the excited-state dynamics of the two most abundant forms of isocytosine in the gas phase (keto and enol). Our surface-hopping nonadiabatic molecular dynamics simulations employing the algebraic diagrammatic construction to the second order [ADC(2)] method for the electronic structure calculations suggest that both tautomers undergo efficient radiationless deactivation to the electronic ground state with time constants which amount to tau(keto) = 182 fs and tau(enol) = 533 fs. The dominant photorelaxation pathways correspond to ring-puckering (pi pi* surface) and C = O stretching/N-H tilting (n pi* surface) for the enol and keto forms respectively. Based on these findings, we infer that isocytosine is a relatively photostable compound in the gas phase and in these terms resembles biologically relevant nucleobases. The estimated S-1 -> T-1 intersystem crossing rate constant of 8.02 x 10(10) s(-1) suggests that triplet states might also play an important role in the overall excited-state dynamics of the keto tautomer. The reliability of ADC(2)-based surface-hopping molecular dynamics simulations was tested against multireference quantum-chemical calculations and the potential limitations of the employed ADC(2) approach are briefly discussed.
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