Athymic Nude Mice as an Experimental Model for Cancer Treatment



Rok publikování 2016
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Physiological Research
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Obor Fyziologie
Klíčová slova Athymic nude mice; Cancer; Experimental models; Anticancer treatment; Xenograft
Popis Athymic nude mice, a murine strain bearing spontaneous deletion in the Foxn1 gene that causes deteriorated or absent thymus (which results in inhibited immune system with reduction of number of T cells), represent a widely used model in cancer research having long lasting history as a tool for preclinical testing of drugs. The review describes three models of athymic mice that utilize cancer cell lines to induce tumors. In addition, various methods that can be applied in order to evaluate activity of anticancer agents in these models are shown and discussed. Although each model has certain disadvantages, they are still considered as inevitable instruments in many fields of cancer research, particularly in finding new drugs that would more effectively combat the cancer disease or enhance the use of current chemotherapy. Finally, the review summarizes strengths and weaknesses as well as future perspectives of the athymic nude mice model in cancer research.
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