The influence of mutational status and biological characteristics of acute myeloid leukemia on xenotransplantation outcomes in NOD SCID gamma mice

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ČULEN Martin KOSAŘOVÁ Zdeňka JEŽÍŠKOVÁ Ivana FOLTA A. CHOVANCOVÁ Jana LOJA Tomáš TOM Nikola BYSTRÝ Vojtěch JANECKOVA V. DVOŘÁKOVÁ Dana MAYER Jiří RÁČIL Zdeněk

Rok publikování 2018
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Citace
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00432-018-2652-2
Klíčová slova AML; Engraftment; NOD SCID gamma; Mutations; Sequencing
Popis This study aimed at analyzing the association of gene mutations and other acute myeloid leukemia (AML) characteristics with engraftment outcomes in immunodeficient mice and to select the engraftment outcomes that best reflect patient survival. Mutations in 19 genes as well as leukemia- and patient-related characteristics were analyzed for a group of 47 de novo AML samples with respect to three engraftment outcomes: engraftment ability, engraftment intensity (percentage of hCD45(+) cells) and engraftment latency. Leukemia-related characteristics were additionally analyzed in an extended group of 68 samples that included the 47 de novo samples, and additional 21 samples from refractory and relapsed cases. Engraftment outcomes were compared with overall and event-free survival of the patients. For the 47 de novo samples, no single mutation influenced engraftment, whereas the NPM1 (mut) /DNMT3A (mut) co-mutation was associated with higher engraftment ability. NPM1 (mut) /FLT3-ITD (neg) had lower engraftment intensity. Among leukemia-related characteristics, a complex karyotype was associated with higher engraftment intensity. Among patient-related characteristics, higher cytogenetic risk was associated with higher engraftment intensity, and failure to achieve clinical remission was associated with shorter engraftment latency. In the extended group of 68 samples, white blood count was associated with higher engraftment ability, and the presence of a complex karyotype was associated with higher engraftment intensity. Association with patient overall survival was seen only for engraftment intensity. The engraftment of AML was influenced by mutation-interactions and other AML characteristics, rather than by single mutated genes, and engraftment intensity best reflected clinical penetrance of AML.
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