Heart rate as an independent predictor of long term mortality of acute heart failure patients in sinus rhythm according to their ejection fraction: data from the AHEAD registry

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JARKOVSKÝ Jiří ŠPINAR Jindřich TYL Benoit FOUGEROUSSE Francoise VÍTOVEC Jiří LINHART Ales WIDIMSKY Petr MIKLÍK Roman ŠPINAROVÁ Lenka BELOHLAVEK Jan MALEK Filip FELŠŐCI Marián KETTNER Jiri OSTADAL Petr VACLAVIK Jan DUŠEK Ladislav LOKAJ Petr MEBAZAA Alexandre SOLAL Alain Cohen PAŘENICA Jiří

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj European Journal of Internal Medicine
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Citace
www https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0953620520301369?via%3Dihub
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2020.04.022
Klíčová slova Acute heart failure; AHEAD; Prognosis; Sinus rhythm; Heart rate; Preserved ejection fraction
Popis Background: Heart rate (HR) at admission in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) has been shown to be an important risk marker of in-hospital mortality. However, its relation with mid and long-term prognosis as well as the impact of Ejection Fraction (EF) is unknown. Our objective was to study the relationship between long-term survival and HR at admission depending on EF in a cohort of patients hospitalized for AHF. Methods: We analyzed the data of 2335 patients in sinus rhythm hospitalized for AHF from AHEAD registry. Patients with cardiogenic shock and AHF from surgical or non-cardiac etiology were excluded. Results: Survival rates at 6 and 12 months were 84.8% and 78% respectively. Increased age, decreased diastolic BP, lack of PCI during hospitalization, increased creatinine level and increased HR (with different cut-offs according to EF categories) were found as predictors whatever the EF at 6 and 12 months. Optimal prognostic cut-offs of heart rate were identified for Heart Failure with reduced EF at 100 bpm, for Heart Failure with mid-range EF at 90 bpm and for Heart Failure with preserved EF at 80 bpm for both 6 and 12 months. Conclusion: Our study suggests that HR at admission appears to be an independent prognostic parameter in AHF patients in sinus rhythm irrespective of EF and can be used to classify patients according to the severity of the disease.

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