Mental Health Burden of the Russian-Ukrainian War 2022 (RUW-22): Anxiety and Depression Levels among Young Adults in Central Europe

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RIAD Abanoub DROBOV Anton KROBOT Martin ANTALOVÁ Natália ALKASABY Muhammad Abdullatif PEŘINA Aleš KOŠČÍK Michal

Rok publikování 2022
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Klíčová slova anxiety; armed conflicts; Czech Republic; depression; patient health questionnaire; students; Ukraine
Přiložené soubory
Popis Armed conflicts are public health emergencies that affect human lives at multiple levels. The mental health of adolescents and young adults is at high risk during crisis settings; therefore, this cross-sectional survey-based study aimed to evaluate anxiety and depressive symptoms among university students in the Czech Republic following the Russian-Ukrainian war of 2022 (RUW-22). The study used standardized screening instruments; the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) for anxiety and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) for depression. Of 591 students who participated in this study, 67.7% were females, 68.2% held Czech citizenship, and 63.8% were enrolled in medical or healthcare programs. The participants were highly concerned about the RUW-22 news, with a mean score of 7.17 ± 2.50 (0–10). While 34% and 40.7% of the participants in this study manifested moderate to severe levels of anxiety and depression, respectively, the mental health burden of the RUW-22 was confirmed by the positive correlation between “feeling concerned”, GAD-7 (? = 0.454), and PHQ-9 (? = 0.326). Female gender, higher frequency of news following, and social media use were associated with higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms; thus, proposing them to be risk factors for psychological disorders following the RUW-22.
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