Assessment of metabolic stability and pharmacokinetics by LC-MS/MS and establishment of the safe dose of IMID-2, a novel anticancer molecule under drug discovery


KUMAR S Pranush JADAV Tarang SAHU Amit Kumar CHOWDHARY Moumita Ghosh SIWACH Ankit PATEL Harit PATEL Sagarkumar RAJPUT Niraj SHARD Amit KHAIRNAR Amit Suresh SENGUPTA Pinaki

Rok publikování 2023
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Klíčová slova acute oral toxicity; IMID-2; LC-MS; MS; metabolic stability; pharmacokinetics
Popis Pyruvate kinase (PK) M2 activators ramp up glycolysis in cancer cells, leading to a reversal of the Warburg effect in cancer cells. A promising PKM2 activator molecule, IMID-2, developed by the National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research-Ahmedabad showed promising anticancer activity against MCF-7 and COLO-205 cell lines, which represent breast and colon cancer. Its physicochemical properties, like solubility, ionization constant, partition coefficient and distribution constant, have already been established. Its metabolic pathway is also well established through in vitro and in vivo metabolite profiling and reported previously. In this study, we have evaluated the metabolic stability of IMID-2 using LC-MS/MS and investigated the safety aspect of the molecule through an acute oral toxicity study. In vivo studies in rats confirmed that the molecule is safe even at a dose level of 175 mg/kg. Furthermore, a pharmacokinetic study of IMID-2 was also carried out using LC-MS/MS to understand its absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion profile. The molecule was found to have promising bioavailability through the oral route. This research work is thus another step in the drug testing of this promising anticancer molecule. The molecule can be considered to be a potential anticancer lead based on the earlier report substantiated by current findings.

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