Blind deconvolution decreases requirements on temporal resolution of DCE-MRI: Application to 2nd generation pharmacokinetic modeling

Kratochvíla J, Jiřík R, Bartoš M, Standara M, Starčuk Z Jr, Taxt T.

Magn Reson Imaging. 2024 Jun;109:238-248. doi: 10.1016/j.mri.2024.03.019. Epub 2024 Mar 19. PMID:38508292.

17 Apr 2024

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Purpose: Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced (DCE) MRI with 2nd generation pharmacokinetic models provides estimates of plasma flow and permeability surface-area product in contrast to the broadly used 1st generation models (e.g. the Tofts models). However, the use of 2nd generation models requires higher frequency with which the dynamic images are acquired (around 1.5 s per image). Blind deconvolution can decrease the demands on temporal resolution as shown previously for one of the 1st generation models. Here, the temporal-resolution requirements achievable for blind deconvolution with a 2nd generation model are studied.

Methods: The 2nd generation model is formulated as the distributed-capillary adiabatic-tissue-homogeneity (DCATH) model. Blind deconvolution is based on Parker's model of the arterial input function. The accuracy and precision of the estimated arterial input functions and the perfusion parameters is evaluated on synthetic and real clinical datasets with different levels of the temporal resolution.

Results: The estimated arterial input functions remained unchanged from their reference high-temporal-resolution estimates (obtained with the sampling interval around 1 s) when increasing the sampling interval up to about 5 s for synthetic data and up to 3.6-4.8 s for real data. Further increasing of the sampling intervals led to systematic distortions, such as lowering and broadening of the 1st pass peak. The resulting perfusion-parameter estimation error was below 10% for the sampling intervals up to 3 s (synthetic data), in line with the real data perfusion-parameter boxplots which remained unchanged up to the sampling interval 3.6 s.

Conclusion: We show that use of blind deconvolution decreases the demands on temporal resolution in DCE-MRI from about 1.5 s (in case of measured arterial input functions) to 3-4 s. This can be exploited in increased spatial resolution or larger organ coverage.

Keywords: 2nd generation pharmacokinetic model; Blind deconvolution; DCE-MRI; Temporal resolution.

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