Laterality in functional and metabolic state of the bulbectomised rat brain detected by ASL and 1H MRS: A pilot study

Pavlova I, Drazanova E, Kratka L, Amchova P, Macicek O, Starcukova J, Starcuk Z, Ruda-Kucerova J. 

World J Biol Psychiatry. 2022 Sep 28:1-15. doi: 10.1080/15622975.2022.2124450. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36102141.

20 Oct 2022

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Objectives: Pilot study validating the animal model of depression - the bilateral olfactory bulbectomy in rats - by two nuclear magnetic resonance methods, indirectly detecting the metabolic state of the brain. Furthermore, the study focussed on potential differences in brain laterality.

Methods: Arterial spin labelling assessed cerebral brain flow in prefrontal, sensorimotor, and piriform cortices, nucleus accumbens, hippocampus, thalamus, circle of Willis, and whole brain. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy provided information about relative metabolite concentrations in the cortex and hippocampus.

Results: Arterial spin labelling found no differences in cerebral perfusion in the group comparison but revealed lateralisation in the thalamus of the control group and the sensorimotor cortex of the bulbectomized rats. Lower Cho/tCr and Cho/NAA levels were found in the right hippocampus in bulbectomized rats. The differences in lateralisation were shown in the hippocampus: mI/tCr in the control group, Cho/NAA, NAA/tCr, Tau/tCr in the model group, and in the cortex: NAA/tCr, mI/tCr in the control group.

Conclusion: Olfactory bulbectomy affects the neuronal and biochemical profile of the rat brain laterally and, as a model of depression, was validated by two nuclear magnetic resonance methods.

Keywords: Arterial spin labelling; depression; magnetic resonance spectroscopy; olfactory bulbectomy; rats.

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