Timing matters for accurate identification of the epileptogenic zone

Chybowski B, Klimes P, Cimbalnik J, Travnicek V, Nejedly P, Pail M, Peter-Derex L, Hall J, Dubeau F, Jurak P, Brazdil M, Frauscher B.

Clin Neurophysiol. 2024 May;161:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2024.01.007. Epub 2024 Feb 18. PMID:38430856.


15 May 2024

No description

Objective: Interictal biomarkers of the epileptogenic zone (EZ) and their use in machine learning models open promising avenues for improvement of epilepsy surgery evaluation. Currently, most studies restrict their analysis to short segments of intracranial EEG (iEEG).

Methods: We used 2381 hours of iEEG data from 25 patients to systematically select 5-minute segments across various interictal conditions. Then, we tested machine learning models for EZ localization using iEEG features calculated within these individual segments or across them and evaluated the performance by the area under the precision-recall curve (PRAUC).

Results: On average, models achieved a score of 0.421 (the result of the chance classifier was 0.062). However, the PRAUC varied significantly across the segments (0.323-0.493). Overall, NREM sleep achieved the highest scores, with the best results of 0.493 in N2. When using data from all segments, the model performed significantly better than single segments, except NREM sleep segments.

Conclusions: The model based on a short segment of iEEG recording can achieve similar results as a model based on prolonged recordings. The analyzed segment should, however, be carefully and systematically selected, preferably from NREM sleep.

Significance: Random selection of short iEEG segments may give rise to inaccurate localization of the EZ.

Keywords: Epilepsy; Seizure; iEEG.

More articles

All articles

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info