Effect of partial drug withdrawal on the lateralization of interictal epileptiform discharges and its relationship to surgical outcome in patients with hippocampal sclerosis

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Authors

DOLEŽALOVÁ Irena BRÁZDIL Milan HERMANOVÁ Markéta JANOUŠOVÁ Eva KUBA Robert

Year of publication 2014
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Epilepsy Research
MU Faculty or unit

Central European Institute of Technology

Citation
Web http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0920121114001673/1-s2.0-S0920121114001673-main.pdf?_tid=797862f4-9d92-11e4-a812-00000aacb35e&acdnat=1421421495_c68d82fef4a0e8b698546a7eb04d88a5
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2014.06.009
Field Neurology, neurosurgery, neurosciences
Keywords Epilepsy; Hippocampal sclerosis; Outcome; Interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs); Unitemporal IEDs; Bitemporal IEDs
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Description Objective: To assess changes in the relative lateralization of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) and interictal EEG prognostic value in terms of surgical outcome between periods with full medication (FMP) and reduced medication (RMP) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) associated with hippocampal sclerosis (HS). Methods: Interictal scalp EEGs of 43 patients were evaluated for the presence of IEDs separately in a waking state (WS) and sleeping state (SS) during FMP and RMP. In each period, patients were categorized as having unitemporal or bitemporal IEDs. Surgical outcome was classified at year 1 after surgery and at last follow-up visit as Engel I or Engel II-IV; and alternatively as completely seizure-free or not seizure-free. Results: There were significant changes in relative IED lateralization between FMP and RMP during SS. The representation of patients with unitemporal IEDs declined from 37 (86%) in FMP during SS to 25 (58%) in RMP during SS (p = 0.003). At year 1 after surgery, the relative IED lateralization is a predictive factor for surgical outcome defined as Engel I vs. Engel II-IV in both FMP during WS (p = 0.037) and during SS (p = 0.007), and for surgical outcome defined as completely seizure-free vs. not seizure-free in FMP during SS (p = 0.042). At last follow up visit, the relative IED lateralization is a predictor for outcome defined as Engel I vs. Engel II-IV in FMP during SS (p = 0.020), and for outcome defined as completely seizure-free vs. not seizure-free in both FMP during WS (p = 0.043) and in FMP during SS (p = 0.015). When stepwise logistic regression analysis was applied, only FMP during SS was found to be an independent predictor for surgical outcome at year 1 after surgery (completely seizure-free vs. not seizure-free p = 0.032, Engel I vs. Engel II-IV p = 0.006) and at last follow-up visit (completely seizure-free vs. not seizure-free p = 0.024, Engel I vs. Engel II-IV p = 0.017). Gender was found to be independent predictor for surgical efficacy at year 1 if the outcome was defined as completely seizure-free vs. not seizure-free (p = 0.036). Conclusion: The predictive value of relative IED lateralization with respect to surgical outcome in interictal EEG is present only during FMP; the predictive value decreases with the reduction of AEDs caused by the change of relative IED lateralization. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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