National and European Identity Formation : A Longitudinal Cross-National Comparison Study

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Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Identity : An International Journal of Theory and Research
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Social Studies

Keywords Identity formation; national identity; European identity; latent profile analysis; latent transition analysis
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Description This study examined social identity development on the national and European domain using the three-dimensional identity status model. We took a person-centered approach to identify identity statuses and to study stability and change of identity statuses across one year within two longitudinal samples of young people aged 15 to 26 (MT1 = 19.81, SDT1 = 3.22) from Germany (n = 1028) and Czech Republic (n = 1342). Latent profile analyses of questionnaire-based data showed evidence for four identity statuses for the national and European domain (i.e., diffusion, moratorium, closure, and achievement). The statuses differed substantially in terms of civic engagement, nationalism, and views toward the EU. Stability of identity statuses was moderate to high across domains and countries with little evidence for systematic transitions over time. Overall, identity patterns were very similar across domains and countries. However, congruence between the national and the European identity domain was substantially lower in Czech Republic than in Germany, suggesting that both identities are more aligned in the latter country.
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