Prevence venózní tromboembolie u pacientů v intenzivní péči

Title in English Prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism in critically ill patients

CIHLÁŘ Radek ŠRÁMEK Vladimír SUK Pavel

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Anesteziologie a intenzivní medicína
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Keywords deep venous thrombosis; heparin; intensive care; low molecular weight heparin; prophylaxis; venous thromboembolism
Description Thromboembolism is a complication occurring in all groups of in-patients. The incidence is higher in the critically ill due to many associated risk factors. Preventive measures based firstly on pharmacological and mechanical thromboprophylaxis significantly reduce the risk of deep venous thrombosis and subsequent pulmonary embolism, which is the most serious complication linked to high mortality. The aim of this review is to describe options of thromboembolic prophylaxis and their complications. Concurrently, clinical conditions, which influence thromboprophylaxis, are reviewed with special focus on circulatory, renal, and hepatic failure. Summary of recent guidelines on thromboprophylaxis in critically ill patients is also included. Keywords

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