Týraná a netýraná děvčata – dětství, partnerství, mateřství: longitudinální studie

Title in English Eutreated and maltreated girls - Childhood, partnership, maternity - A longitudinal study


Year of publication 2012
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Časopis lékařů českých
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Hygiene
Keywords Health status; Maltreated children; Maltreated women; Partner hostility; Psychological condition; Stresses
Description Background. The aim of the study is to find out whether women maltreated in childhood were different health-wise, psychologically and socially from the women who were not maltreated and whether they were violent toward their own children. Material and methods. In the study sample of 3848 mothers-to-be included in the Brno part of the ELSPAC study, 48,3 % were maltreated in their youth, 51,7 % were not maltreated. The presented paper compares data provided in their questionnaires regarding these four periods: the period of time until the birth of their children, the period from 6 months till 18 months of age, period from 18 months till three years of age and last period from three till five years of age of their children. The acquired data characterize health, social and psychological situation of the women and their families. Girls from both compared groups came from families with similar socio-economical backgrounds and also their own families later in their lives were similar. However health of the maltreated girls' parents was worse and their family relationships less stable with higher frequency of conflicts when compared to the situation of non-maltreated girls' parents. Results. Similarly, the maltreated girls' health and psychological condition was worse, their partners' and children's health was also worse, their social support was weaker, frustrations and stresses more frequent, their partner relationships with higher level of conflicts and mutual violence. As mothers, they themselves acted towards their children with distinctively more frequent physical coarseness and psychological cruelty. These findings repeated consistently throughout all four timeline levels of the study. Conclusion. The relationships in the maltreated women's own families were similar to the relationships in their original families, comparably worse than in the families of non-maltreated women. Women maltreated in their childhood repeated the same behavior toward their own children that their parents had towards them. Violence on children is transferred from one generation to the next and develops from their youngest age.

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