Dva případy náhlého úmrtí dětí s mesenterium commune – kazuistika

Title in English Two cases of sudden deaths of children with mesenterium commune – a case report

GRUSOVÁ Kateřina VOTAVA Milan ZEMAN Martin

Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Česko-slovenská patologie a Soudní lékařství
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Other medical specializations
Keywords sudden death; congenital anomalies of digestive system; mesenterium commune; acute abdomen
Description Congenital anomalies of the digestive system represent a complicated topic concerning many medical specializations. The goal of this article is to describe two cases of children with mesenterium commune. First was an infant (5. 5 months old female) who died shortly after being admitted to hospital with acute bronchitis, vomiting and diarrhoea. The autopsy revealed the cause of death – volvulus of the entire small intestine and the first portion of the large intestine with haemorrhagic infarsation of the intestinal wall in an infant with congenital anomaly of intestinal fixation – mesenterium commune. Second case was a 2. 5 years old female after two heart surgeries, with pulmonary hypertension, who died suddenly at home. The cause of death was volvulus of a portion of the small intestine with haemorrhagic infarstion of the intestinal wall and also mesenterium commune. Congenital malpositions of the intestine originate due to malrotation and malfixation of the intestine during prenatal and early postnatal period. This wide range of the individual’s developmental disorders always result in a condition where the topographical findings in the abdominal cavity are not as commonly found. Abnormally positioned intestines cannot develop a normal mesentery and are prone to volvulus, which represents the most serious complication with acute abdominal symptoms and when diagnosed late, it can lead to sudden death. Whilst performing autopsies such cases are rarely seen. However in forensic medicine and also in clinical practice it is important to consider intestinal malposition as a cause of acute abdomen.

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