Sarcosine up-regulates expression of genes involved in cell cycle progression of metastatic models of prostate cancer


HEGER Zbynek RODRIGO Miguel Angel Merlos MICHALEK Petr POLANSKÁ Hana MASAŘÍK Michal VÍT Vítězslav PLEVOVÁ Mariana PACÍK Dalibor ECKSCHLAGER Tomas STIBOROVA Marie ADAM Vojtech

Year of publication 2016
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Plos one
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Oncology and hematology
Keywords sarcosine; prostate cancer
Description The effects of sarcosine on the processes driving prostate cancer (PCa) development remain still unclear. Herein, we show that a supplementation of metastatic PCa cells (androgen independent PC-3 and androgen dependent LNCaP) with sarcosine stimulates cells proliferation in vitro. Similar stimulatory effects were observed also in PCa murine xenografts, in which sarcosine treatment induced a tumor growth and significantly reduced weight of treated mice (p< 0.05). Determination of sarcosine metabolism-related amino acids and enzymes within tumor mass revealed significantly increased glycine, serine and sarcosine concentrations after treatment accompanied with the increased amount of sarcosine dehydrogenase. In both tumor types, dimethylglycine and glycine-N-methyltransferase were affected slightly, only. To identify the effects of sarcosine treatment on the expression of genes involved in any aspect of cancer development, we further investigated expression profiles of excised tumors using cDNA electrochemical microarray followed by validation using the semi-quantitative PCR. We found 25 differentially expressed genes in PC-3, 32 in LNCaP tumors and 18 overlapping genes. Bioinformatical processing revealed strong sar-cosine-related induction of genes involved particularly in a cell cycle progression. Our exploratory study demonstrates that sarcosine stimulates PCa metastatic cells irrespectively of androgen dependence. Overall, the obtained data provides valuable information towards understanding the role of sarcosine in PCa progression and adds another piece of puzzle into a picture of sarcosine oncometabolic potential. © 2016 Heger et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info