Cardiac rehabilitation and its essential role in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases
|Year of publication
|Article in Periodical
|Magazine / Source
|World Journal of Clinical Cases
|MU Faculty or unit
|Cardiac rehabilitation; Secondary prevention; Cardiovascular diseases; Utilization; Barriers; Telerehabilitation
|Cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of mortality worldwide. They are frequently the reasons for patient hospitalization, their incapability for work, and disability. These diseases represent a significant socio-economic burden affecting the medical system as well as patients and their families. It has been demonstrated that the etiopathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases is significantly affected by lifestyle, and so modification of the latter is an essential component of both primary and secondary prevention. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) represents an efficient secondary prevention model that is especially based on the positive effect of regular physical activity. This review presents an overview of basic information on CR with a focus on current trends, such as the issue of the various training modalities, utilization, and barriers to it or the use of telemedicine technologies. Appropriate attention should be devoted to these domains, as CR continues evolving as an effective and readily available intervention in the future.