Hope, Positive Mental Health, and Health Behaviour as Predictors of Health Complaints in Czech Adults

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Year of publication 2021
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Description The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between dispositional hope, positive mental health, health behavior, and health complaints. We also examined age differences in the investigated variables as well as in the relationships in our proposed model predicting health complaints from hope, mental health, and health behavior. The sample consisted of 1,634 respondents (67.4 % female), aged between 15 and 93 years (M = 34.6), who completed the Mental Health Continuum - Short Form, the Health Complaints Inventory, the Health-Related Behavior Scale, and the Adult Trait Hope Scale. Demographic data were also collected. The results of a correlation analysis showed significant relationships between hope, positive mental health, health behavior, and health complaints. Regression analysis further revealed that out of the two components of hope, only agency independently predicted health complaints, and out of the three components of positive mental health, only emotional well-being independently predicted health complaints. The effect of emotional well-being on health complaints was substantially stronger than that of health behavior. The effect of hope agency on health complaints was completely explained by emotional well-being and health behavior. The analysis of age differences revealed that older adults reported a higher number of health complaints but also a higher amount of health-enhancing behavior. Moreover, a multiple-group path analysis revealed that health behavior only had an independent effect on health complaints in older adults. The results also indicate that dispositional hope can be considered as a potential health-protective factor.
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