Challenges of Colistin Use in ICU and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: A Literature Review

Investor logo


Year of publication 2023
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Antibiotics-Basel
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Keywords colistin; quantification methods; drug stability; pharmacokinetics; drug monitoring
Description The emerging resistance of Gram-negative bacteria is a growing problem worldwide. Together with the financial cost, limited efficacy, and local unavailability of newer antibiotics or their combinations, it has led to the reintroduction of colistin as a therapeutic alternative. Despite its protracted development and availability on the market, there is now a complex maze of questions surrounding colistin with a more or less straightforward relationship to its safety and efficacy. This review aims to offer a way to navigate this maze. We focus on summarizing the available literature regarding the use of colistin in critically ill patients, particularly on stability, pharmacokinetics, methods for determining plasma concentrations, and therapeutic drug monitoring benefits and limitations. Based on these data, we then highlight the main gaps in the available information and help define directions for future research on this drug. The first gap is the lack of data on the stability of intravenous and nebulization solutions at clinically relevant concentrations and under external conditions corresponding to clinical practice. Furthermore, pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic parameters should be validated using standardized dosing, including a loading dose. Based on the pharmacokinetic data obtained, a population model for critically ill patients should be developed. Finally, the interference of colistin with extracorporeal methods should be quantified.
Related projects:

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info