Distance deterrence comparison in urban commute among different socioeconomic groups: A normalized linear piece-wise gravity model

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HE Mingyi BOGOMOLOV Jura KHULBE Devashish SOBOLEVSKY Stanislav

Year of publication 2023
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Journal of Transport Geography
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Web https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2023.103732
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2023.103732
Keywords Commuting; Income; Gravity model
Description Understanding commuting behavior among socioeconomic groups is essential in promoting equity across the housing and transportation system. This field is well-studied, but existing research failed to reach a complete agreement on the relationship between socioeconomic groups and commuting distance. Our study establishes a framework to model distance deterrence impacts on various socio-economic groups of commuters by adapting a commonly used gravity model approach. We apply this framework to explore commuting distance on income groups in 12 major U.S cities, delineate how the deterrence impact increases with distance, and demonstrate a significant discrepancy in it between the low- and high-income groups. Results indicate that high-income commuters are less sensitive to increasing distance. And this inequity is more severe in cities that have higher population density and more clustered job locations. Our findings provide insights for equity analysis in public transit infrastructures and land use.
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