Resekce a rekonstrukce hrudní stěny pro primární či metastatické nádorové onemocnění

Title in English Resection and Reconstruction of the Chest Wall for Primary or Metastatic Tumours


Year of publication 2011
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Čechoslovaca
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Surgery incl. transplantology
Keywords chest wall tumour; complications; advanced disease; soft tissue coverage
Description The aim of the study was to assess mortality and the complication rate after the extensive resection of chest wall tumour and subsequent soft tissue reconstruction. We wanted to evaluate the justification for major surgery in the group of patients with primary or secondary tumours, including those with an advanced stage of disease. A total of 35 patients after major chest wall resection within an eight-year period (2000-2008) were analysed retrospectively. A major resection was defined as resection of 75 cm2 or more of full thickness of the chest wall. There were 19 cases of primary malignant tumour of the chest wall, 10 cases of secondary tumour, and 6 cases of benign or semi-malignant lesions. The chest was stabilised with the help of either polypropylene or a double layer mesh of polyester covered with polyurethane. For soft tissue reconstruction, a musculocutaneousflap was used in 18 cases. The number of resected ribs ranged from two to seven. The vertebral body was partially resected in four cases, and total sternectomy was performed in two cases. This surgery was carried out with potentially curative intent in 30 (85.7%) and with palliative intent in five patients (14.3%). No post-operative mortality occurred. The complication rate was 17.1 %. The one-year survival rate was 88.6 %. There were seven long-term survivors at 5 or more years after resection of the chest wall for soft tissue sarcoma. Local recurrence occurred in six patients (17.1%). Neither the type of prosthesis nor the type of surgical procedure influenced the complication rate. Complete resection of the chest wall is feasible even in advanced tumours without significant peri-operative morbidity and mortality. Major chest wall resection as a palliative procedure remains selective for motivated patients in a good physical condition but with low quality of life caused by a chest wall tumour.

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info