Úskalí diagnostiky nádorů plic a bronchů u adolescentů.

Title in English Difficulties of diagnosis of lung and bronchial cancer in adolescents


Year of publication 2012
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Edukační sborník- XXXVI. Brněnských onkologických dnů a XXVI. Konference pro nelékařské zdravotnické pracovníky
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Web http://www.mou.cz/bod-2012--edukacni-sbornik/file.html?id=1320
Field Oncology and hematology
Keywords tumors of the lung; lungs; etiological factors
Description Primary tumors of the lung and bronchi are by young people in the age of 20 are extremely rare in contrast to the adult population, in which Lung tumors are the most common malignancy. In the U.S., according to data expressed SEER incidence in patients younger than 20 years 0.049: 100 000 In the Czech Republic, according to data IHIS CR incidence in adolescents aged 16-19 0.14 100 000 in men and 0.08: 100000 in girls. The group of young adults 20-24 years, the incidence in men 0.24: 100000 0.13 in young women: 100 000 Most tumors grow in the lower lobes of the lungs, without lateral difference predilection. In comparison with the older generation in younger age groups dominate women according to the literature, but not what incidence in the country. Young people are significantly more frequent advanced and disseminated disease with distant metastases. The incidence of the adult population rapidly increasing, especially in the female part of the population, but the incidence among young people under 20 years of age has an increasing trend. The differences in the epidemiology of primary lung tumors can affect apparently etiologic factors, especially external factors environment and smoking. Although the number of smokers among young people in the Czech Republic reached alarming numbers, this fact seems evident to aged over 30 years. In adolescents, is likely to play a role in the etiology and pathogenesis of other, not yet entirely clear factors

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