Estimation of cadmium load from soybeans and soy-based foods for vegetarians



Year of publication 2019
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Description Soybeans, as legumes, belong among food items that contribute most to the dietary intake of the heavy metal cadmium (Cd). The consumption of soy-based foods may contribute significantly to Cd intake in vegetarians as probably the most frequent consumers of these foods. In this research, the weekly dietary intake of Cd from soy-based foods was investigated in 119 participants (including vegetarians, vegans, and non-vegetarians) in the Czech Republic by means of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) with personal assistance and the measurement of body weight. Cd content in soy-based foods available on the market was determined by means of atomic absorption spectrometry after microwave digestion. Tofu, as the most frequently consumed food item in the vegetarian/vegan group, contributed most to the total dietary Cd intake. It contained 7.6±0.1mug Cd/kg, while the highest Cd content was observed in tempeh (18.1±0.4mug/kg). The highest mean dietary Cd intake per week from soy-based foods was 0.4mug/kg b.w. and was found in the vegan group. The consumption of soy-based foods was the lowest in the non-vegetarian group as was the dietary intake of Cd, which was 0.04mug/kg b.w. per week.
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