Obezita a diabetes - trajektorie výskytu u akutně hospitalizovaných seniorů a dynamika jejich změn během 27 let

Title in English Obesity and diabetes - trajectories of occurrence in acutely hospitalized seniors and the dynamics of their changes over 27 years


Year of publication 2022
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Geriatrie a gerontologie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Web https://www.prolekare.cz/casopisy/geriatrie-gerontologie/informace
Keywords geriatrization of medicine; population aging; acute hospitalization of the elderly; type 2 diabetes; obesity
Description Objective: Obesity is closely related to type 2 diabetes (T2DM). More than 80% of these diabetics are obese. Methodology: A retrospective cohort study aimed to analyze and compare epidemiological data collected over 27 years. The monitored parameters were age, occurrence of diabetes, overweight and obesity. Between 1995 and 2021, we treated a total of 29,435 people aged 65 to 105. Of this number, there were 18,758 women with an average age of 81.7 ± 7.7 years, while only 10,685 men with an average age of 79.0 ± 7.6 years were hospitalized during this period. Hospitalized women were almost 3 years older on average compared to men. For men, the average age is increasing, while for women, there is a slight decrease over the course of 27 years. Results: For both sexes, it is clear that there is a decrease in hospitalizations among younger seniors (65-74 years old) (the trends have a significant downward tendency), while for the oldest seniors (85 and over), on the contrary, there is an upward trend in both sexes. T2DM was present in 1/3 of acutely hospitalized seniors. Overweight (BMI ?25 and <30) in the mentioned period of 27 years was rather in a slight decrease in men from 29 to 23% and in women from 31 to 25%. Obesity (BMI ?30) shows an obvious upward trend for both sexes in the mentioned period (for men and women - 12 to 13% and 30 to 35% now). Conclusion: Our data point to the importance of monitoring the occurrence of both obesity and diabetes in acutely hospitalized seniors.

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