Cell-free microRNAs as Non-invasive Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers in Pancreatic Cancer

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Publikace nespadá pod Lékařskou fakultu, ale pod Středoevropský technologický institut. Oficiální stránka publikace je na webu muni.cz.

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GABŁO Natalia Anna PROCHÁZKA Vladimír KALA Zdeněk SLABÝ Ondřej KISS I.

Rok publikování 2019
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj CURRENT GENOMICS
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Středoevropský technologický institut

Citace
www http://www.eurekaselect.com/177563/article
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1389202921666191217095017
Klíčová slova Cell-free microRNA; pancreatic cancer; diagnosis; prognosis; prediction; non-invasive biomarker
Popis Pancreatic cancer (PaC) is one of the most lethal cancers, with an increasing global incidence rate. Unfavorable prognosis largely results from associated difficulties in early diagnosis and the absence of prognostic and predictive biomarkers that would enable an individualized therapeutic approach. In fact, PaC prognosis has not improved for years, even though much efforts and resources have been devoted to PaC research, and the multimodal management of PaC patients has been used in clinical practice. It is thus imperative to develop optimal biomarkers, which would increase diagnostic precision and improve the post-diagnostic management of PaC patients. Current trends in biomarker research envisage the unique opportunity of cell-free microRNAs (miRNAs) present in circulation to become a convenient, non-invasive tool for accurate diagnosis, prognosis and prediction of response to treatment. This review analyzes studies focused on cell-free miRNAs in PaC. The studies provide solid evidence that miRNAs are detectable in serum, blood plasma, saliva, urine, and stool, and that they present easy-to-acquire biomarkers with strong diagnostic, prognostic and predictive potential.
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