Birth weight rather than birth length is associated with childhood behavioural problems in a Czech ELSPAC cohort

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Publikace nespadá pod Lékařskou fakultu, ale pod Přírodovědeckou fakultu. Oficiální stránka publikace je na webu muni.cz.

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RÁČKOVÁ Lucie KURUCZOVÁ Daniela JARKOVSKÝ Jiří DOBROVOLNÁ Julie

Rok publikování 2021
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Plos one
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0253607
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0253607
Klíčová slova EFFORTFUL CONTROL; FETAL-GROWTH; DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE; NEUROBEHAVIORAL OUTCOMES; PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES; EXTERNALIZING PROBLEMS; ETHNIC-DIFFERENCES; PRENATAL STRESS; CHILDREN BORN; STRENGTHS
Přiložené soubory
Popis Many physical and psychological characteristics are influenced by prenatal development. Some studies have located links between low birth parameters and behavioural problems, with the latter in turn associated with educational progress, career success, overall health, and subsequent life events. However, few studies have investigated whether this association also applies to children in the normal birth growth range. This study thus investigates the relationship between normal-range birth length, weight, and behavioural problems at the age of seven. We use data from the Czech part of the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ELSPAC) cohort, which provides comprehensive insight into a post-communist country undergoing a period of economic transition. Childhood behavioural problems were measured in 1,796 children using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Associations were modelled using weighted logistic regression. Birth weight was found to be linked to the total difficulties score, hyperactivity, and peer relationship problems subscales in a fully adjusted model while birth length was not significantly associated with any subscale in the fully adjusted model. We thus conclude that normal-range birth weight is associated with behavioural problems. It can therefore be assumed that the odds of behavioural problems and their consequences can be mitigated by preventive programs targeting pregnant women and children with lower but still normal weight.
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