Malignant complications of celiac disease: a case series and review of the literature



Rok publikování 2022
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Journal of Medical Case Reports
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Klíčová slova Celiac disease; Malignancy; Complication; Lymphoma; Carcinoma; Case report
Popis Abstract Background: Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. Diagnosis is based on evaluating specifc autoantibodies and histopathologic fndings of duodenal biopsy specimens. The only therapy for celiac disease is a gluten-free diet. Celiac disease can be complicated by malnutrition, other autoimmune diseases, refractoriness to treatment, and gastrointestinal tumors. This article presents seven cases of malignancies in patients with celiac disease. Its objective is to raise awareness of the malignant complications of celiac disease, leading to earlier diagnosis and improved outcomes. Case presentation: Seven cases of malignant complications of celiac disease occurred among 190 patients followed at the Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, University Hospital Brno from 2014 to 2021. We describe these cases and the presentation, diagnostic process, course, management, and outcomes for each, along with proposed potential risk factors of malignant complications. There was one Caucasian man who was 70 years old and six Caucasian women who were 36, 46, 48, 55, 73, and 82 years old in our cohort. Of the seven cases of malignancies in our cohort, four patients were diagnosed with small bowel adenocarcinoma, one with difuse large B-cell lymphoma, one with carcinoma of the tongue, and one with colorectal carcinoma. Conclusions: Malignancies occurred in 3.7% of patients followed up for celiac disease. Awareness of the malignant complications of celiac disease, risk factors, presentation, and disease course could lead to earlier diagnosis and improved outcomes.

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